General

  • Location: South Asia, between India and China
  • Coastline: 0 km (Landlocked)
  • Government Type: Federal Democratic Republic
  • Capital: Kathmandu (1,400 m above sea level)
  • Area: 147,181 sq km (56,827 sq mi)
  • Population: 31,551,305
  • Population (Kathmandu): 1.183 million (2015)
  • GDP: $70.08 billion (2015 est.)
  • Driving System: Left
  • Telephone Country code: +977
  • Internet Country Code: .np

For Visitors

  • Visa: On Entry
  • Port of Entries: Tribhuwan International Airport (TIA)- only international airport, Kakarvitta, Jhapa; Birganj, Parsa; Kodari, Sindhupalchowk; Belahia, Bhairahawa; Jamunaha, Nepalgunj Mohana, Dhangadhi; Gaddachauki, Mahendranagar; Rasuwagadi, Rasuwa
  • Time Zone: GMT +5:45 hours
  • Currency: Nepali Rupee
  • Exchange Rate: USD 1 = NPR 109.67

Nature

  • Climate: varies from Tropical Wet Monsoon to High Altitude Cold Desert. Primary rainy season: June to September.
  • Terrain: Ranges from the flat plains at 70 masl (meters above sea level) to the rugged Himalayas at 8,848 masl.
  • Highlights: 8 of the world’s 10 highest peaks are here including the highest Mt. Everest.
  • Protected Region Area: 28,959.67 sq km (19.67%)
  • Major National Parks: Chitwan National Park, Sagarmatha (Everest) National Park, Annapurna Conservation Area

Culture

  • Ethnic Groups: Chhettri 16.6%, Brahman-Hill 12.2%, Magar 7.1%, Tharu 6.6%, Tamang 5.8%, Newar 5%, Kami 4.8%, Muslim 4.4%, Yadav 4%, Rai 2.3%, Gurung 2%, Damai/Dholii 1.8%, Thakuri 1.6%, Limbu 1.5%, Sarki 1.4%, Teli 1.4%, Chamar/Harijan/Ram 1.3%, Koiri/Kushwaha 1.2%, other 19%
  • Languages: Nepali (official) 44.6%, Maithali 11.7%, Bhojpuri 6%, Tharu 5.8%, Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.2%, Magar 3%, Bajjika 3%, Urdu 2.6%, Avadhi 1.9%, Limbu 1.3%, Gurung 1.2%, other 10.4%, unspecified 0.2%
  • Religions: Hindu 81.3%, Buddhist 9%, Muslim 4.4%, Kirant 3.1%, Christian 1.4%, other 0.5%, unspecifed 0.2% (2011 est.)
  • UNESCO World Heritage Sites: 10
  • Major Heritage Sites: Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Kathmandu Durbar Square, Lumbini, Pashupatinath Temple.

Hazards

  • Natural Hazards: severe thunderstorms; flooding; landslides; earthquake.
  • Other Hazards: Strikes and demonstrations.
  • Major infectious diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever, Japanese encephalitis, malaria, and dengue fever